Legislation Withdrawal Agreement

Legislating for the Withdrawal Agreement

The White Paper on Legislating for the Withdrawal Agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union sets out how the Government will implement the final Withdrawal Agreement we reach with the EU in UK law.

The White Paper confirms that the EU (Withdrawal Agreement) Bill will:

  • be the primary means by which the rights of EU citizens will be protected in UK law
  • legislate for the time-limited implementation period
  • create a financial authority to manage the specific payments to be made under the financial settlement, with appropriate Parliamentary oversight

Legislating for the Withdrawal Agreement between the United Kingdom and the European Union (PDF)

Brexit Negotiations Future Relationship Policy Paper

The future relationship between the UK and the EU – White Paper

The long-awaited White Paper on the Future Relationship between the UK and the EU, has been published (12 July 2018). This follows on from the contents being agreed (unanimously) by the Cabinet at the recent meeting at Chequers. The document has more than 104 pages.

The newly appointed Brexit secretary, Dominic Raab, is making a statement to the House of Commons about the Brexit White Paper. The statement was interrupted and the House of Commons suspended while MPs were given copies of the white paper. John Bercow, however, rejected a further request to suspend the sitting so that MPs could have time to read the White Paper.

(in case you don’t know who Domininc Raab is …)

Here’s the statement:

With your permission, Mr Speaker, I will make a statement about the UK’s future relationship with the European Union.

Let me start by paying tribute to my Right Honourable Friend the Member for Haltemprice and Howden, and his Herculean efforts along with my Honourable Friend the Member for Wycombe and the wider Dexeu team, to get us to this point in both the negotiations and the successful passage of the EU Withdrawal Bill. It is a striking achievement.

My Right Honourable Friend is a loss to Government, but I suspect, with the mildest apprehension, a considerable gain to this House.

Shortly, we will publish the Government’s White Paper on the UKs Future Relationship with the European Union. It is a new and detailed proposal for a principled, pragmatic and ambitious future partnership between the UK and the EU, in line with the policy agreed at Chequers last week.

I am placing a copy of the White Paper in the Libraries of both Houses, but let me briefly set out the key proposals. Mr Speaker, the Government is determined to build a new relationship that works for both the UK and the EU, one grounded in our shared history, but which looks to a bright and ambitious future. A relationship that delivers real and lasting benefit to both sides.

First, Mr Speaker the White Paper confirms that the UK will leave the European Union on 29 March 2019, forging a new way in the world – outside the Single Market, outside the Customs Union. It safeguards the constitutional and economic integrity of the UK. It reclaims the UK’s sovereignty. and it protects our economic interests, by minimising the risk of disruption to trade.

Brexit Trade

Future trade with the EU

The Department for International Trade (DIT) today (5th January 2017) released a White Paper Preparing for our future UK trade policy.

This paper follows on from the Trade White Paper published in October and asked for views both on the specific legal powers and
the broader developing approach for the future Trade policy. The request for input, generated almost 8000 responses from a cross-section of business and society and this is the response and follow-up actions from the DIT.

It covers the following topics

  • Supporting a rules-based global trading environment
    • Schedules (WTO)
    • GPA
  • Boosting our trade relationships
    • Trading with the EU
    • Trading with the rest of the world
    • Transitioning EU-Third Country trade agreements
    • Negotiating and implementing new trade agreements
  • Supporting developing countries to reduce poverty
    • UK trading arrangements with developing countries
  • Ensuring a level playing field
    • Trade remedies
    • Conducting trade disputes
  • Trade that is transparent and inclusive
    • Transparency and scrutiny
    • Inclusiveness
  • Auxiliary Submissions
  • Conclusion (pdf)

Brexit Trade

Government Vision for post EU Trade and Customs

The Government have released white papers which pave the way for legislation that will ensure the UK is ready for the first day after the UK’s exit from the EU.

The Trade White Paper, published by the Department for International Trade, establishes the principles that will guide future UK trade policy as well as laying out the practical steps that will support those aims.

UK Trade White Paper (pdf)

The paper establishes the principles that will guide future UK trade policy as well as laying out the practical steps that will support those aims and includes:

  • taking steps to enable the UK to maintain the benefits of the World Trade Organisation’s Government Procurement Agreement
  • ensuring the UK can support developing economies by continuing to give them preferential access to UK markets
  • preparing to bring across into UK law existing trade agreements between EU and non-EU countries
  • creating a new, UK trade remedies investigating authority

The Customs Bill White Paper, published by the Treasury, sets out plans to legislate for the standalone customs, VAT and excise regimes the UK will need once it leaves the EU.

Customs Bill White Paper (pdf)

Later this year, the government will bring a Customs Bill before parliament. The Customs Bill will give the UK the power to:

  • charge customs duty on goods; define how goods will be classified, set and vary the rates of customs duty and any quotas
  • amend the VAT and excise regimes so that they can function effectively post-exit
  • set out the rules governing how HMRC will collect and enforce the taxes and duties owed
  • implement tax-related elements of the UK’s future trade policy

For perhaps the first time, the Paper also consider a scenario, where the UK leaves the EU without a negotiated outcome on customs arrangements.

In this scenario, the Bill will make provision for the UK to establish a standalone customs regime from day one, including setting tariffs and quotas, and establishing a goods classification system in line with the government’s WTO obligations. The UK would apply the same customs duty to every country with which it does not have a trade deal or otherwise provide preferential access to the UK market, such as schemes for developing countries. The level of this duty would be decided by the government, and set out in secondary legislation before the UK leaves the EU. Currently, for the EU as a whole, only around 30% of imported goods (in value terms) are subject to the Common External Tariff. On the whole, traders who already import from outside the EU should see no change in the customs declarations procedures for those imports.


Government sets out vision for post EU trade and customs policy

Preparing for our future UK trade policy

WTO Agreement on Government Procurement

Customs Bill: legislating for the UK’s future customs, VAT and excise regimes

UK Trade Tariff: community and common transit outwards


Government White Paper

David Davis presented a White Paper “The United Kingdom’s exit from and new partnership with the European Union White Paper” to Parliament on 2 February 2017. This paper describes the Governments plan for leaving the EU and outlines the 12 point plan previously mentioned by Theresa May.

The main areas (12 points) extracted from the published paper are:

  1. Providing certainty and clarity – We will provide certainty wherever we can as we approach the negotiations.
  2. Taking control of our own laws – We will take control of our own statute book and bring an end to the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union in the UK.
  3. Strengthening the Union – We will secure a deal that works for the entire UK – for Scotland, Wales, Northern Ireland and all parts of England. We remain fully committed to the Belfast Agreement and its successors.
  4. Protecting our strong and historic ties with Ireland and maintaining the Common Travel Area – We will work to deliver a practical solution that allows for the maintenance of the Common Travel Area, whilst protecting the integrity of our immigration system and which protects our strong ties with Ireland.
  5. Controlling immigration – We will have control over the number of EU nationals coming to the UK.
  6. Securing rights for EU nationals in the UK, and UK nationals in the EU – We want to secure the status of EU citizens who are already living in the UK, and that of UK nationals in other Member States, as early as we can.
  7. Protecting workers’ rights – We will protect and enhance existing workers’ rights.
  8. Ensuring free trade with European markets – We will forge a new strategic partnership with the EU, including a wide reaching, bold and ambitious free trade agreement, and will seek a mutually beneficial new customs agreement with the EU.
  9. Securing new trade agreements with other countries – We will forge ambitious free trade relationships across the world.
  10. Ensuring the UK remains the best place for science and innovation – We will remain at the vanguard of science and innovation and will seek continued close collaboration with our European partners.
  11. Cooperating in the fight against crime and terrorism – We will continue to work with the EU to preserve European security, to fight terrorism, and to uphold justice across Europe.
  12. Delivering a smooth, orderly exit from the EU – We will seek a phased process of implementation, in which both the UK and the EU institutions and the remaining EU Member States prepare for the new arrangements that will exist between us.

The White Paper is 75 pages log and can be obtained from the Government website at:

A local copy of the paper is also available here:

The United Kingdoms exit from and partnership with the EU