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Documents related to Brexit from the EU Parliament

I came across a number of interesting documents related to Brexit that have been produced following various Events, Workshops and Committee meetings held by the European Parliament. They provide interesting reading and background to positions held by the EU regarding the Brexit negotiations and the future relationship between the UK and the EU after Brexit.

Workshops are organised by the policy departments and enable members to put questions to and exchange views with experts on subjects associated with parliamentary business or subjects of current interest. They are not necessarily held in public but may be held during a committee meeting.

Hearings
A committee is permitted to organise a hearing with experts, where this is considered essential to its work on a particular subject. Hearings can also be held jointly by two or more committees. Most committees organise regular hearings, as they allow them to hear from experts and hold discussions on the key issues.

Implications of ‘Brexit’ for the EU agri-food sector and the CAP

This workshop was held on 9 November 2017 and discussed the issue of the impact of Brexit on the EU’s agri-food sector and on the CAP.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/events-workshops.html?id=20171114WKS01121

It looked at 3 specific aspects of Brexit:

  1. Impact on the CAP budget
  2. Impact on EU-UK agricultural trade flows and
  3. Possible transitional arrangements in agriculture in light of the future EU-UK relationship.

A number of documents were produced:

Possible impact of Brexit on the EU budget and, in particular, CAP funding – Jacques Delors Institute

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/132065/PPT_CAP_Financing_EN.pdf (pdf)

EU – UK agricultural trade: State of play and possible impacts of Brexit – CIREM-CEPII

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/132066/PPT_EU-UK%20Trade_EN.pdf (pdf)

Possible transitional arrangements related to agriculture in the light of the future EU – UK relationship: institutional issues – Trinity College Dublin

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/cmsdata/132067/PPT%20Template%20-%20A%20MATTHEWSrev.pdf (pdf)

The implications of Brexit on the Irish border

During the 28 November meeting of the Committee on Constitutional Affairs, a workshop was held on ‘The implications of Brexit on the Irish border’. This workshop was organised by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/events-workshops.html?id=20171123WKS01141

Brexit and Ireland – Legal, Political and Economic Considerations (pdf)

Smart Border 2.0 – Avoiding a hard border on the island of Ireland for Customs control and the free movement of persons (pdf)

PowerPoint Presentation on Smart Border 2.0 (ppt)

UK Withdrawal (‘Brexit’) and the Good Friday Agreement (pdf)

PowerPoint Presentation on ‘UK Withdrawal (‘Brexit’) and the Good Friday Agreement’ (ppt)

Hearing on the Impact of Brexit on Aviation – 11 July 2017

High level representatives in the field of aviation were invited to speak in the next TRAN Committee meeting on the topic of Brexit. Stakeholders discussed ways in which the UK’s departure from the EU is likely to impact the aviation industry from the perspective of the airports, the airlines and the tourism industry as a whole. The presentations were followed by a question and answer session with Members

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/events-hearings.html?id=20170705CHE02242

Hearing on the impact of Brexit on aviation (docx)

Kevin Toland, Dublin Airport (pdf)

Michael O’Leary, Ryanair (pptx)

Ralf Pastleitner, TUI Group (pdf)

Exchange of Views with Associations of Citizens on Brexit

held on 21 Nov 2017

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/events-other.html?id=20171123EOT01882

Statement from British in Europe (pdf)

Statement from the 3 million (pdf)

Brexit and the issue of the jurisdiction

During the AFCO meeting of 21 November, the Committee heard from two experts during the workshop ‘Brexit and the issue of the jurisdiction over the Withdrawal Agreement and the future relationship agreement between the EU and the UK’ organised by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs.

http://www.europarl.europa.eu/committees/en/events-other.html?id=20171123EOT01881

The Settlement of Disputes arising from the UK’s withdrawal from the EU (pdf)

Professor Steve Peers presented a briefing on “Jurisdiction upon and after the UK’s withdrawal: the perspective from the UK constitutional order” (I couldn’t find a copy of this – politicker)

How much does the UK pay to the EU (again)

by Politicker 0 Comments

Boris Johnson has recently stirred up (again) the issue of how much the UK pays towards the EU budget, repeating claims of £350M being sent to the EU every week.

I wrote about payments from the UK to the EU in an earlier article at

https://politick.co.uk/how-much-does-membership-of-the-eu-cost-the-uk/.

The latest figures, for 2016, have been published and presented to Parliament by the Chief Secretary to the Treasury and are available at

European Union Finances 2016 (pdf)

The following chart shows the contribution required from each member state towards the EU budget for 2016.

Note, that this is the 6th amendment Draft Amending Budget 6 to the 2016 Budget, European Commission to the budget and shows that the budget itself appears to be in a constant state of flux. Also note that the calculationn of the rebate for the UK can be adjusted for up to 4 years following the budget year.

It would be a lot easier to see what payments have actually been made if we had access to the UK’s Bank statement – this would settle the argument once and for all! Confused ? (you should be) just take a look at figures provided in the “official” document!

The following table shows the UK’s gross payments, rebate, public sector receipts and net public sector contributions to the EU Budget for calendar years 2010 to 2016. The figures for 2016 include estimates, those for earlier years are outturn 1

Figures from the EU Commission are in the following table

The EU financial year runs from 1 January to 31 December, whereas the UK’s runs from 1 April to 31 March. The following table gives a breakdown of the UK’s transactions with the EU on a financial year basis between 2010-11 and 2015-16.

The only thing thats seems to be clear is that:

The UK makes monthly payments to the EU.

The actual payment is equivalent to the Gross amount, less the rebate (from the previous year).

The payments made in 2016 would be (approximately)

£16,996,000,000 less £3,878,000,000 = £13,118.000,000

or just over £1 Billion monthly (£13,118,000,000 / 12 = £1.093,000,000)

or around £252,000,000 per week

or around £36,000,000 per day

or around £1,500,000 per hour

These figures do not take into consideration Public Sector payments received by the UK from the EU which would determine the overall net figure paid by the UK over the year.

Other points to note:

  • The rebate is deducted from the UK’s GNI-based contribution a year in arrears, e.g. the rebate in 2015 relates to UK payments and receipts in 2014
  • The Commission is directly and solely responsible for calculating the UK’s rebate. It calculates the rebate on the basis of a forecast of contributions to the EU Budget and the UK’s receipts from it. This is subsequently corrected in the light of outturn figures.
  • Corrections may be made for up to three years after the year in respect of which the rebate relates, with a final calculation then being made in the fourth year, e.g. a final calculation of the rebate in respect of 2015 will take place in 2019.
  • The effect of the rebate is to reduce the amount of the UK’s monthly GNI-based payments to the EU Budget. It does not involve any transfer of money from the Commission or other member states to the Exchequer.

Other references

The UK’s EU membership fee

EU expenditure and revenue 2014-2020 (European Commission)

Consolidated Annual Accounts of the European Union 2016 (pdf)

Notes:

  1. Outturn : The actual amounts, results etc. at the end of a period of activity, rather than those that were expected or calculated earlier
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