General Election 2019

Election 2019 – Manifestos

A manifesto is a publication issued by a political party before a General Election. They are assumed to be an accurate guide as to what voters can expect to happen if that party wins a majority of MPs. They outline a set of policies that the party stands for and intend to implement if they were to win the election. They also contain multiple (populist) promises in an attempt to win favour from the electorate.

However, manifestos must be taken with a pinch of salt! They are not legally binding in any way and parties are free to change their minds (ignoring promises made in the manifesto) once they are in office. For example, look at the history of Student Tuition fees – ALL parties are guilty of broken promises!!

In addition, although a candidate may be a representative of one of the political parties when standing for election, there is nothing to stop them rejecting commitments made in the manifesto and even leave the party, or join another party after they are elected. There are multiple examples of this happening over the years most recently during the 2017-2019 Parliament.

For these reasons, it may be best to consider the manifesto as a list of ideas for what might happen in the future but certainly with no guarantees. They should, perhaps, come with a warning “Beware of Politicians bearing false gifts

Each manifesto could also be considered as a contender for the next “Booker Prize for Fiction”.

Also be aware that voters are not actually voting for a political party, as noted in the Government response to petition 242193.

…. Formally, electors cast their vote for individual candidates, and not the political party they represent, although it is recognised that many people vote on the basis of party preference. It is generally agreed that a candidate, if elected to the House of Commons, is not deemed to be a delegate of a particular party, and will hold the office to which they have been elected in a personal capacity.

and confirmed by the Electoral Commission

… it’s correct that when people cast their vote at an election, they are electing an individual candidate.

So are Manifestos actually worth anything at all ?

This post will be updated as each manifesto becomes available, Last Update: 05 December 2019

Green Party

The Green Party have released their 92 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Green Party manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Green Party Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)

Liberal Democrats Party

The Liberal Democrats Party have released their 100 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Liberal Democrats Party manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Liberal Democrat Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)

Labour Party

The Labour Party have released their 107 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Labour Party manifesto

A copy is available locally at

Labour Party Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)

and other documents provided alongside the manifesto

Funding Real Change (44 page pdf)

Review of Corporate Tax Relief (13 page pdf)

Youth Manifesto 2019 (pdf)

Arts Manifesto 2019 (pdf)

Race and Faith Manifesto 2019 (pdf)

Brexit Party

The Brexit Party have released their equivalent to a manifesto, “Contract with the People” consisting of 25 pages.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Contract with the People

and a copy is available locally at

Contract with the People (copy pdf)

Plaid Cymru

Plaid Cymru, the Party of Wales, have released their 88 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Plaid Cymru Manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Plaid Cymru Manifesto (copy pdf)

Conservative Party

The Conservative Party have released their 64 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Conservative Party manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Conservative Party Manifesto (copy pdf)

Other documents provided alongside the manifesto:

Conservative Manifesto Costings 2019 (10 page pdf)

Conservative Manifesto for Scotland

Conservative Manifesto for Scotland (48 page pdf)

Scottish National Party (SNP)

The SNP have released their 52 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

SNP manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

SNP Manifesto (copy pdf)

Northern Ireland – Democratic Unionist Party (DUP)

The DUP have released their 28 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

DUP manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

DUP Manifesto (copy pdf)

Northern Ireland – Social Democratic and Labour Party (SDLP)

The SDLP have released their 29 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

SDLP Manifesto/

and a copy is available locally at

SDLP Manifesto (copy pdf)

Northern Ireland – Alliance Party of Northern Ireland (APNI)

The APNI have released their 44 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Alliance Party Manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Alliance Party Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)

Northern Ireland – Sinn Féin

Sinn Féin have released their manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Sinn Féin Manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Sinn Féin Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)

Northern Ireland – The Ulster Unionist Party (UUP)

The Ulster Unionist Party have released their 20 page manifesto.

If you want to read it, you can find it at

Ulster Unionist Party Manifesto

and a copy is available locally at

Ulster Unionist Party Manifesto 2019 (copy pdf)


By-Election Peterborough 6 June 2019

The by-election in Peterborough was held following the Recall of the MP Fiona Onasanya who was convicted of lying over a speeding offence and thrown out of the Labour Party.

The Recall of MPs Act 2015 introduced a process by which an MP can lose their seat in the House of Commons if there is a successful petition to recall them.

Turnout at the election was 48.4%, down from 67.5% in the 2017 General Election when Labour beat the Conservatives by 607 votes after the Conservatives had held the seat for 12 years.

Although having been formed less than 2 months ago, expectations were high that the Brexit Party would gain the seat, following their recent success in the European Elections, and based on the fact that Peterborough had backed leaving the EU by 61% to 39%.

The result was close and Labour managed to retain the seat by 683 votes from the Brexit Party candidate.

However, Labour’s share of the vote dropped by 17% from the previous election in 2017, so they should not be too complacent about their victory. The Conservative share of the vote dropped by a massive 25%. The Liberal Democrat share increased by 9%.

Party Candidate Votes % +/-%
Labour Lisa Forbes 10,484 31% -17%
Brexit Party Mike Greene 9,801 29% +29%
Conservative Paul Bristow 7,243 21% -25%
Liberal Democrats Beki Sellick 4,159 12% +9%
Green Joseph Wells 1,035 3% +1%
UKIP John Whitby 400 1% +1%
Others (9 Candidates) 798 2% +2%

In the 2017 election results were:

Party Candidate Votes %
Labour Fiona Onasanya 22,950 48.1%
Conservative Stewart Jackson 22,343 46.8%
Liberal Democrats Beki Sellick 1,597 3.3%
Green Fiona Radic 848 1.8%

EU Elections – Results from the UK

In the UK, votes in the EU election were counted after the final polls finished in the remaining EU member countries. Results started coming in through Sunday night and Monday morning.

Voter turnout in the UK was 17,199,701 (36.7%) the second highest after 2004, when that figure was 38.52%

The undoubted success of the EU Elections was the election of 29 MEPS representing the Brexit Party as both the main parties suffered losses following a Brexit backlash.

The Brexit Party was launched in April 2019, and is led by Nigel Farage. It was formed to campaign for the withdrawal of the UK from the EU either with, or without an agreed deal with the EU and has rapidly gained support from both UKIP and Conservative party members


The Brexit Party won the biggest share of the available seats, gaining 29 MEPs.

The pro-Remain Liberal Democrats finished in second place with 16 MEPs (15 more than last time).

Labour came in 3rd place with 10 MEPs (losing 10) as voters seemed to split between the clear alternatives offered by the Brexit Party (Leave) and the Liberal Democrats (Remain).

The Green party finished in 4th place with 7 MEPs (gaining 4).

Conservatives finished in 5th place with only 4 MEPs receiving 9% of the vote in England and Wales.

The SNP gained 1 MEP to finish with 3 MEPs.

Biggest losers were UKIP who lost all their 24 MEPs

This map shows the parties which came top in council areas across the country. (This does not show the results for Northern Ireland which uses a different voting system to that used in the rest of the UK).


Party MEPs Gain/Loss Votes % Vote % Gain/Loss
Brexit Party 29 +29 5,248,533 31.6% +31.6%
Liberal Democrats 16 +15 3,367,284 20.3% +13.4%
Labour 10 -10 2,347,255 14.1% -11.3%
Green 7 +4 2,023,380 12.1% +4.2%
Conservative 4 -15 1,512,147 9.1% -14.8%
SNP 3 +1 594,553 3.6% +1.1%
Plaid Cymru 1 0 163,928 1.0% +0.3%
Sinn Féin (NI) 1 0 126,951 - -
Democratic Unionist Party (NI) 1 0 124,991 - -
Alliance Party (NI) 1 +1 105,928 - -
Change UK 0 0 571,846 3.4% +3.4%
UKIP 0 -24 554,463 3.3% -24.19%
Ulster Unionist Party 0 -1 53,052 - -
Others 0 0 405,390 1.6% -

Details of the results including information on all the parties in the UK taking part in the EU elections and results from across Europe can be found on the BBC website

UK’s European elections 2019 (BBC)

The Brexit Party did not only win in the UK but also became the largest single political party, from any EU member country, in the new EU Parliament. The next biggest political party is La Lega from Italy.

This is of no particular advantage to the Brexit Party – Because of the way MEPs organise themselves into political groups in the EU parliament they are soon swamped and forgotten (and ineffective) – Anyone know the name of their new MEP ?

(Useful data of the results is available from each region in local file copy


2019 European Parliament elections

751 MEPs are elected to the European Parliament from across all member countries and elections are held every five years. The UK is taking part in these elections, today, in spite of the notification of the intention for the UK to leave the EU. Counting of the votes won’t take place until elections held by all EU countries have finished on Sunday 26 May.

Due to the delay in Brexit, and EU law, the UK has to take part in the elections for MEPs, although the elected candidates from the UK may not take their seats in the European Parliament it the UK were to leave the EU before the end of July (which is not looking likely).

Prior to the elections Nigel Farage announced that the Brexit Party, launched on 12 April 2019, will contest all the seats, apart from those in Northern Ireland. The Brexit Party was formed in response to the lack of progress by the Government in implementing the result of the EU Referendum held in 2016.

Brexit Party Website

Surveys held in the run up to the elections consistently indicated massive support for the Brexit Party. There were also many indications that Conservative supporters, frustrated by the delay in leaving the EU, planned to vote in support of the Brexit Party.

In final polls the Brexit Party were showing support at an average of 32% – indicating a clear message that a large proportion of the public still want to see the UK out of the EU and may also show a lack of confidence in Theresa May and her Government being able to achieve that aim.

Although the Labour Party initially showed support at around 24% at the time of the local elections held on 6 May, polling shows falling support mainly because of the unclear and ambiguous message on Brexit presented by the party. Some polls place Labour in 3rd place, with support at 13%-15%, behind the Liberal Democrats who are polling strongly with their anti-Brexit stance.

The Conservative Party are likely to finish in fourth place depending on whether there is a surge in support for the Green Party.

ChangeUK web-site

Support for the Change UK Party is not showing much traction (around 1%-2%) and it will be interesting to see if the new party survives in the longer term – does this mean a merger with the Liberal Democrats? and UKIP is likely to lose support as their followers migrate towards the Brexit party.

Although the major parties are hoping that electors will vote based on topics other than Brexit, it is likely that the election will be treated as a protest vote indicating support for either remaining or leaving the EU. In some respects, the election is meaningless and a waste of time, money and effort if the UK were to leave the EU during the next session of the EU Parliament. It is also possible the the UK representation to the Parliament will be strongly anti-EU – although with a total of 751 MEPs in the Parliament, somewhat ineffective.

European elections in the UK use a form of proportional representation to elect MEPs, with 73 seats available spread across regions in the UK.

Region Number of seats
East Midlands 5
East of England 7
London 8
North East 3
North West 8
South East 10
South West 6
West Midlands 7
Yorkshire and the Humber 6
Scotland 6
Wales 4
Northern Ireland 3

Electors vote on the basis of a political party rather than individuals as in Local and General elections. In England, Scotland and Wales, seats are awarded according to the share of the vote for the party. A list of candidates is put forward in ranked order by each party and MEPs are selected from these lists.

In England, Scotland and Wales the voting system for the European elections is the d’Hondt system of proportional representation – regional closed list. In Northern Ireland the system is Single Transferable Vote.

Read more about the mechanism at

The EU Election Voting System in the UK