Research Papers from the EU

The Brexit Negotiations: An Assessment Of The Legal, Political And Institutional Situation In The UK

is an in-depth analysis on the political and institutional situation in the United Kingdom following the referendum on the UK’s withdrawal from the EU, and was prepared by Charles GRANT from the Centre for European Reform.

This research paper was requested by the European Parliament’s Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO) and was commissioned, overseen and published by the Policy Department for Citizens’ Rights and Constitutional Affairs.

In a number of findings the research concludes that:

The outcome of the Brexit talks will be shaped to a large degree by the EU governments. They are mostly united in taking a hard line. Worried about the cohesion and unity of the EU, they do not want populist leaders to be able to point to the British and say, “They are doing fine outside the EU, let us go and join them.” Exiting must be seen to carry a price.

There are only three possible outcomes of the Brexit talks:

  • a separation agreement plus an accord on future relations including an FTA;
  • a separation agreement but no deal on future relations, so that Britain has to rely on WTO rules;
  • neither a separation agreement nor a deal on future relations, so that Britain faces legal chaos and has to rely on WTO rules

The Impact and Consequences of Brexit for Northern Ireland

is a Briefing paper prepared by Jonathan Tonge from the University of Liverpool in the UK on behalf of European Parliament’s Committee on Constitutional Affairs (AFCO).

The paper explores the legal position and other issues concerning Northern Ireland in relation to the UK and Ireland and discusses a number of topics:

  • The Legal position
    • UK government legislative dominance over the Northern Ireland Assembly
    • Challenges to the UK government’s domination of the EU withdrawal process
    • The legal upholding of the UK government’s position
    • The impact of EU withdrawal upon legislation for Northern Ireland
  • Issues relating to the Good Friday Agreement
    • Political stances on EU withdrawal
    • The Good Friday Agreement and Northern Ireland Assembly legislation
    • The Good Friday Agreement and EU membership
    • EU membership references in the Good Friday Agreement
    • How can the Good Friday Agreement be revised?
  • Implications of Brexit for Northern Ireland
    • Issues of free movement: The Common Travel Area
    • Cross-border trade, tariffs and the Customs Union


More research and analysis papers from the EU can be found at

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