Quick Facts about the EU

Where can I find statistics about the EU?


How many languages are used in the EU?

The EU has 24 official languages.

Where does the EU hold its meetings?

The European Commission is mainly based in Brussels and Luxembourg.

The European Parliament holds its Committee meetings in Brussels and its plenary sessions in Brussels and Strasbourg. Administration is located in Luxembourg.

The Council buildings are in Brussels, where most of its meetings also take place. Occasionally meetings of the Council of the European Union are held in Luxembourg. Meetings between the heads of state and governments – the European Council – take place in Brussels.

How many people are employed by the EU?

There are 55,000 civil servants employed by the EU.

What are the EU Administration costs?

The EU spends around 6% of its annual budget on staff, administration and maintenance of its buildings.

What is the total population of the EU?

The total population of all 28 countries in the EU, on 1st January 2015 was 508,450,856

(Figures from Eurostat)

What is Europe Day?

On 9 May 1950, Robert Schuman, the French Foreign Minister at the time, gave a memorable speech making the case for a new model of political and economic cooperation for Europe. Each year, the EU institutions celebrate this by organising activities on or near 9th May, the anniversary date of the Schuman Declaration.

What are the EU Treaties

The EU treaties are binding agreements between EU member countries. They set out EU objectives, rules for EU institutions, how decisions are made and the relationship between the EU and its member countries. Every action taken by the EU is founded on treaties.

Treaties are amended to make the EU more efficient and transparent, prepare for new member countries and introduce new areas of cooperation.

Copies of the treaties can be viewed online at


and a copy of the consolidated treaties (pdf) can be downloaded from