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UK overseas trade in goods October 2018

by Politicker 0 Comments

HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) collects the UK’s international trade in goods data for Non-EU and EU trade with the UK. These are published on a monthly basis and figures for October have recently been released. (11th December 2018)

UK overseas trade in goods statistics October 2018

A summary is provided in a document available at

OTS_Release_102018.pdf

Total trade in goods exports for October 2018 were £33.1 billion.

Total trade in goods imports for October 2018 were £46.6 billion.

The UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £13.5 billion.

For EU trade the UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £9.0 billion.

For Non-EU trade the UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £4.5 billion.

Imports to the UK

EU: £24.2 billion

Non-EU: £22.4 billion

Germany accounted for 13% of the total value of imports to the UK. China had the second largest proportion of the total value of trade, accounting for 10% followed by USA 9%, Netherlands 8% and France 6%. The top five partner countries accounted for 46% of total UK import value this month.

Exports from the UK

EU £14.3 billion

Non-EU £18 billion

The USA accounted for 16% per cent of the total value of goods exports from the UK. Germany had the second largest proportion, accounting for 9%, followed by the Netherlands with 7%, France with 6% and the Irish Republic at 6%. The top five export partners accounted for 44% of total exports in goods this month.

Spreadsheets are available which show the figures in more detail.

The following tables contain EU and Non-EU import and export data for October 2018 at chapter level.

https://www.gov.uk/government/statistical-data-sets/uk-overseas-trade-in-goods-statistics-october-2018-import-and-export-data

UK overseas trade in goods statistics October 2018: imports (xls)

UK overseas trade in goods statistics October 2018: exports (xls)

Document Copies

TradeInGoodsOct18.pdf(copy) pdf

OTS_IMP_1810.xls (copy xls)

OTS_EXP_1810.xls (copy xls)

UK overseas trade in goods September 2018

by Politicker 0 Comments

HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC) collects the UK’s international trade in goods data for Non-EU and EU trade with the UK. These are published on a monthly basis and figures for September have recently been released. (9th November 2018)

A summary is provided in a document available at

UK overseas trade in goods statistics September 2018: commentary

Total trade in goods exports for September 2018 were £32.3 billion.

Total trade in goods imports for September 2018 were £41.6 billion.

The UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £9.3 billion.

For EU trade the UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £7.7 billion.

For Non-EU trade the UK was a net importer this month, with imports exceeding exports by £1.6 billion.

Imports to the UK

EU: £22 billion

Non-EU: £19.6 billion

Germany accounted for 13% of the total value of imports to the UK. China had the second largest proportion of the total value of trade, accounting for 10%. The top five partner countries accounted for 44% of total UK import value this month.

Exports from the UK

EU £14.3 billion

Non-EU £18 billion

The USA accounted for 13% per cent of the total value of goods exports from the UK. Germany had the second largest proportion, accounting for 9.3% The top five export partners accounted for 44% of
total exports in goods this month.

Spreadsheets are available which show the figures in more detail. The following tables contain EU and Non-EU import and export data for September 2018 at chapter level.

UK overseas trade in goods statistics September 2018: imports

UK overseas trade in goods statistics September 2018: exports

Mutiny in the Ranks

Following the Olly Robbins Theresa May plan agreed at Chequers, there have been rumours of an attempt to remove Theresa May as PM

It remains unclear whether the number of Conservative MPs (48) required to force a no-confidence vote in May will be found and even then whether the vote would be successful when more than half of the party’s MPs (316) would be needed.

Arguments within the Tory party spilled over into amendments and votes on the Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) Bill on 16 July 2018 and the Trade Bill on 17 July 2018. However, the Government succeeded in getting both Bills through their 3rd Reading Stage.

Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) Bill

Debate on the Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) Bill continued on 16 July

Bill stages — Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill 2017-19

Brexit supporting Conservative MPs submitted four amendments to the Government’s Taxation (Cross-border Trade) Bill. These amendments were all accepted by the Government which angered MPs from the Remainer rebels who voted against the Government.

One amendment called for the UK to refuse to collect duties for the EU unless member states do likewise (New Clause 36)

This went to a vote with 305 votes for and 302 against – with 14 Tory rebels voting against the Government.

Another amendment required the UK to have an independent regime for VAT.

This also went to a vote with 303 votes for and 300 against – with 11 Tory rebels voting against the Government.

The other amendments accepted by the Government were to agree to a commitment to never having a border in the Irish sea and to require the Government to draw up primary legislation if the UK wants to remain in the EU customs union.

The Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) finally passed its 3rd Reading in the House of Commons by 318 in favour to 285 against on the 16 July 2018

3rd reading: House of Commons 16 July, 2018

TRADE BILL

Debate on the Trade Bill continued on 17 July and Tory rebels supported an amendment in favour of creating a customs union with the EU, which was subsequently defeated.

Bill stages — Trade Bill 2017-19

New Clause 17

This new clause would ensure that it is a negotiating objective for the UK Government to secure an international agreement through which the UK may continue to participate in the European medicines regulatory network partnership between the EU, EEA and the European Medicines Agency, ensuring that patients continue to have access to high-quality, effective and safe pharmaceutical and medical products, fully aligned with the member states of the EU and EEA.

The Government lost the vote on this amendment, tabled by the Tory MP Philip Lee.

The vote was

305 votes in favour to 301 against.

New clause 18

This new clause would make it a negotiating objective of the UK to establish a free trade area for goods between the UK and the EU and if that cannot be agreed then it should be the objective of the UK to secure an agreement to enable the UK’s participation in a customs union with the EU.

The vote was

301 in favour with 307 votes against

The Trade Bill passed its 3rd Reading in the House of Commons by 317 in favour to 286 against on the 17 July 2018

3rd reading: House of Commons 17 July, 2018

Rebels

3 Labour Pro-Brexit MPs rebelled against their party by voting with the Government were

Frank Field
Kate Hoey
Graham Stringer

The Pro-EU Conservative rebel MPs were:

Heidi Allen
Guto Bebb
Richard Benyon
Jonathan Djanogly
Dominic Grieve
Stephen Hammond
Philip Lee
Nicky Morgan
Robert Neill
Mark Pawsey
Antoinette Sandbach
Anna Soubry
Sarah Wollaston

International Agreements During The Implementation Period

The UK Government released a document which provides further information on the UK’s approach to international agreements during the implementation period.

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/technical-note-on-international-agreements

1. The European Union (EU) has concluded a large number of international agreements with non-EU third countries. These agreements underpin the EU’s bilateral relationships with over 100 third countries that will have an interest in their continued proper functioning during the implementation period. These agreements cover a wide range of key policy areas including, for example, trade, nuclear cooperation and aviation.

2. The United Kingdom (UK) is currently bound by these third country agreements in its capacity as a Member State. Ahead of the UK’s exit from the EU, action is required to clarify the application of these agreements to the UK during the implementation period.

3. The UK proposes that these third country agreements which apply to the UK in its capacity as an EU Member State (as referred to at paragraph 15 of the EU’s negotiating directives of 29 January) should continue to apply to the UK in the same way for the duration of the implementation period. In other words, the UK would continue to be bound by the rights and obligations flowing from the agreements for this period. Multilateral agreements to which the EU is a party raise different considerations and are not covered by this note.

4. This proposal flows from the unique and time-limited nature of the implementation period. As the Prime Minister set out in her Florence speech, this implementation period would be based on the existing structure of EU rules and regulations. In its negotiating directives, the EU has adopted the same position. It has stated that “the Union acquis should apply to and in the United Kingdom [during the implementation period] as if it were a Member State”. This is echoed in the Commission’s paper on Transitional Arrangements in the Withdrawal Agreement, which states that EU law “shall be binding upon and applicable in the United Kingdom” during the implementation period.

5. Third country agreements are an important part of the EU acquis. This continuity in the UK-EU relationship during the implementation period therefore facilitates and confirms the UK’s continued participation in EU third country agreements for the duration of this period. Moreover, the UK position is that the existing agreements are capable of operating and continuing to function both as between the EU and the UK and between the EU/UK and the third country or countries in question for the duration of the implementation period. From the perspective of each third country the agreements would continue to operate as they do now.

6. The UK will be leaving the EU in March 2019 and will no longer be a Member State from this time. However, the UK view is that the best approach would be for the parties to confirm that, for the duration of the implementation period, these agreements continue to apply to the UK and that the UK is to be treated in the same way as EU Member States for the purposes of these agreements. This would be achieved by agreement of the parties to interpret relevant terms in these international agreements, such as “European Union” or “EU Member State”, to include the UK.

7. This approach is underpinned by international law and practice, including Article 31 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (VCLT), which provides that a treaty is to be interpreted in its context, which can include a subsequent agreement between the parties regarding its interpretation or application. The form of such an agreement under Article 31 VCLT is flexible and would be a matter for discussion. It would not be necessary, for
example, to deal individually with each EU treaty. The key requirement would be the clear agreement of the parties that the underlying treaty continued to apply to the UK during the implementation period.

8. Such an approach could be used both to ensure the UK’s continued participation in mixed EU third country agreements to which the UK is already a listed party, as well as the continued application to the UK of EU-only third country agreements for the duration of the implementation period. At present the UK as an EU Member State is bound by obligations, and benefits from the rights, on the EU side in the case of both EU-only and mixed
agreements. It is proposed, with the agreement of relevant third countries, that those rights and obligations continue to apply to the UK on the EU side of the agreements for the duration of the implementation period.

9. We believe that such an approach has a number of advantages and would ensure an orderly transition:
o It represents the simplest way of ensuring the continued application of these agreements during the implementation period.
o It would ensure continuing compliance by the EU and the UK with their international obligations which flow from the agreements.
o It preserves the integrity of the EU legal order by avoiding any problems created by replacing the underlying agreements with new bilateral agreements concluded by the UK.
o It would avoid the risk of disruption in the application of these agreements between the EU, UK and third countries.

Open letter to business on the Implementation Period

David Davis, Secretary of State for Exiting the EU, Chancellor Philip Hammond, and Greg Clark, Business Secretary have written to businesses setting out the UK’s ambitions for an implementation period following Brexit.

In the joint letter, the three Cabinet Ministers outline the Government’s commitment to providing businesses with the certainty and clarity they need to plan ahead.

Dear business leaders,

The Government is determined to support businesses and the economy, and is committed to implementing the Government’s Industrial Strategy, building a Britain fit for the future. As this new year gets underway, we are also conscious that many businesses are examining the implications of our withdrawal from the EU for themselves and their supply chains. Businesses have been clear that they need time to adjust to the terms of our new relationship with the EU – and are therefore following closely negotiations on the Government’s proposal for a time-limited implementation period.

The purpose of such a period is to give people, businesses, and public services in the UK and across the EU the time they need to put in place the new arrangements that will be required to adjust to our future partnership. This is why, during the implementation period, we are clear that the UK’s and the EU’s access to one another’s markets should continue on current terms, meaning there will only be one set of changes at the end of the implementation period, as we move into our future partnership. The period’s duration will be strictly time-limited, and should be determined simply by how long it will take to make these changes – as the Prime Minister has previously set out, this will be around two years.

We know this proposal has been warmly welcomed by businesses up and down the country, and in the EU, promising the certainty and clarity needed to plan ahead. We are therefore pleased that at the December European Council, EU leaders endorsed this proposal, and agreed guidelines that will enable our teams to discuss and confirm at pace the detailed arrangements, giving them legal form in the Withdrawal Agreement.

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