UK-EU Trade Agreement

UK-Gibraltar-Spain agreement: December 2020

The recently agreed UK-EU Trade Agreement between the UK and the EU does not include Gibraltar.

The Chief Minister of Gibraltar, Hon Fabian R Picardo QC MP, made a statement regarding the future relationship with the EU “The New Year’s Eve ‘In-Principle’ Agreement: A Post Brexit Deal for Gibraltar 31 December, 2020

My dear fellow Gibraltarians,

This New Year’s Eve, we can look forward with expectation and hope. We believe we may now be able to re-set our relationship with Spain and cast it in a more positive light going forward. After many months of hard work, we have reached an in principle agreement with the United Kingdom and Spain.

The agreement is for a proposed framework for a UK/European Union Agreement or Treaty on Gibraltar’s future relationship with the EU. That agreement will govern the relationship between Gibraltar and the European Union in areas of EU competence. The British Ambassador in the UK Mission to the European Union has written to the President of the European Commission confirming the UK’s desire that such an agreement be negotiated and that the EU should seek a mandate for that purpose. Spain has confirmed that it has also now contacted the European Commission for that purpose.

UK-EU Trade Agreement

PM signs UK-EU Trade Agreement

Boris Johnson, Prime Minister of the UK, signs the recently agreed Trade Agreement between the UK and the EU.

In a statement (on twitter) he said:

By signing this deal, we fulfill the sovereign wish of the British people to live under their own laws, made by their own elected Parliament.

UK-EU Trade Agreement

PM’s statement to the House of Commons on the UK-EU deal

Prime Minister Boris Johnson spoke in the House of Commons on the deal agreed with the European Union, on 30 December 2020.

Transcript (from )

Thank you Mr Speaker, can I begin by thanking you and the House authorities and all your staff and their hard work in allowing us to meet today, and can I also welcome the outstanding news that AstraZeneca is now rolling out a new UK made vaccine approved by the MHRA that offers the hope to millions in this country and around the world, Mr Speaker I beg to move that the Bill be now read a second time,

and having taken back control of our money, our borders, our laws and our waters by leaving the European Union on Jan 31st, we now seize the moment to forge a fantastic new relationship with our European neighbours, based on free trade and friendly co-operation.

And at the heart of this Bill is one of the biggest free trade agreements in the world, a comprehensive Canada-style deal, worth over £660 billion, which, if anything, should allow our companies to do even more business with our European friends, safeguarding millions of jobs and livelihoods in our UK and across the continent.

In less than 48 hours, we will leave the EU single market and the customs union, as we promised and yet British exporters will not face a sudden thicket of trade barriers, but rather, for the first time in the history of EU agreements, zero tariffs and zero quotas.

And just as we have avoided trade barriers, so we have also ensured the UK’s full control of our laws and our regulations and there is a vital symmetry between those two achievements, because the central purpose of this Bill is to accomplish something that the British people always knew in their hearts could be done, but which we were continually told was impossible, we were told we could not have our cake and eat it, do you remember how often we were told that Mr Speaker, namely that we could trade and cooperate with our European neighbours on the closest terms of friendship and goodwill, whilst retaining sovereign control of our laws and our national destiny.

And that unifying thread runs through every clause of this Bill, it embodies our vision – shared with our European neighbours – of a new relationship between Britain and the EU as sovereign equals, joined by friendship, commerce, history, interests and values, while respecting one another’s freedom of action and recognising that we have nothing to fear if we sometimes choose to do things differently and we have much to gain from the healthy stimulus of competition. And this Bill demonstrates therefore how Britain can be at once European and sovereign.

And I think you’ll agree Mr Speaker our negotiators accomplished their feat with astonishing speed. It took nearly 8 years for the Uruguay Round of world trade talks to produce a deal, and five years for the EU to reach a trade agreement with Canada, six for Japan.

We have done this in less than a year, in the teeth of a pandemic, and we have pressed ahead with this task, resisting all the calls for delay, Mr Speaker precisely because creating certainty about our future provides the best chance of beating Covid and bouncing back even more strongly next year. And that was our objective.

Legislation UK-EU Trade Agreement

European Union (Future Relationship) Bill

This Bill is being fast-tracked through Parliament and is due to receive Royal Assent, if approved by MPs and the House of Lords, on 30 December 2020.

(updates: 31 December 2020)

The European Union (Future Relationship) Bill implements the Trade and Cooperation Agreement (TCA), Agreement on Nuclear Cooperation and Agreement on Security Procedures for Exchanging and Protecting Classified Information (‘the Agreements’), as agreed between the United Kingdom and the European Union (EU).

It also enables the implementation of arrangements and agreements that are either foreseen in the Agreements, or which are agreed by the UK and EU to be ‘supplementary’ to the TCA where these do not engage Section 20 of the Constitutional Reform and Governance Act 2010; these are, together with the Agreements, the future relationship agreements. The Bill is required to implement the Agreements for them to have domestic legal effect and to enable the UK Government to ratify the Agreements.

The Bill provides for the application of the Agreements in domestic law where relevant. The Bill also creates powers to make secondary legislation, where appropriate, to enable the Agreements to be implemented domestically or for domestic law to be interpreted in light of the Agreement. These measures provide for the implementation of the Agreements agreed between the UK and the EU.

The Bill also makes a small number of additional provisions relating to the UK’s relationship with the EU.

The Second Reading of the Bill went to a division with the result: 523 in Favour (Ayes) and 73 Against (Noes)

The DUP (8), Green Party (1), Liberal Democrats (11), Scottish National Party (44) and Plaid Cymru (3) voted against the 2nd reading

The Committee stage was completed without debate and proceeded to a division on the Third Reading which passed with 521 in Favour (Ayes) and 73 Against (Noes)

Here’s the different stages:

The Bill was completed in the House of Commons by 2:55 pm and passed for consideration by the House of Lords.

The Bill passed all stages in The House of Lords by 11:34 pm without amendment and by 12:30 am (Thursday) was given Royal Assent thus completing the process.


European Union (Future Relationship) Bill (as Introduced)

Explanatory Notes

House of Lords Debate (Hansard)

House of Lords Debate (Hansard)

UK-EU Trade Agreement

Signature of the UK-EU agreement, 30 December 2020

On behalf of the European Union, the President of the European Council and the President of the European Commission signed this morning the EU-UK trade and cooperation agreement. This agreement will now be brought to the United Kingdom to be signed by Prime Minister Boris Johnson, before being provisionally applied as of 1 January 2021.

Charles Michel, President of the European Council said:

“The agreement that we signed today is the result of months of intense negotiations in which the European Union has displayed an unprecedented level of unity. It is a fair and balanced agreement that fully protects the fundamental interests of the European Union and creates stability and predictability for citizens and companies.”

This agreement will then be examined by the European Parliament and the Council, before it can be ratified by the European Union. In this context, it is of the utmost importance for the European Union and the United Kingdom to look forward, in view of opening a new chapter in their relations.

Charles Michel, President of the European Council said:

“On major issues, the European Union stands ready to work shoulder to shoulder with the United Kingdom. This will be the case on climate change, ahead of the COP 26 in Glasgow, and on the global response to pandemics, in particular with a possible treaty on pandemics. On foreign affairs, we will seek cooperation on specific issues based on shared values and interests.

These are major issues that will have to be discussed on a regular basis, like we do with our strategic partners, and I am looking forward to such a cooperation.”