Various interesting and/or useful links.
Negotiating documents on Article 50 negotiations with the United Kingdom
IndexMundi contains detailed country statistics, charts, and maps compiled from multiple sources. You can explore and analyze thousands of indicators organized by region, country, topic, industry sector, and type.
Examining the UK’s relationship with the EU
Following on from a 2010 election and Coalition Government pledge to ‘repatriate’ EU competences to the UK, in July 2012 the Government launched a Review of the Balance of Competences, which it described as “an audit of what the EU does and how it affects the UK”
World Trade Organisation (WTO)
The WTO, which was established in 1995, and its predecessor organization the GATT have helped to create a strong and prosperous international trading system. It currently has 162 members. The UK has been a WTO member since 1 January 1995 and a member of GATT since 1 January 1948. All EU member States are WTO members, as is the EU in its own right.
Information about the WTO can be found at
Brexit and the World Trade Organization
An article, by Gregory Messenger – a Lecturer in Law at the University of Liverpool, which discusses the consequences from a World Trade Organization (WTO) perspective if the UK were to leave the EU.
European Commission – Departments and Services
The Commission is divided into several departments and services. The departments are known as Directorate-Generals (DGs). This page has links to the various departments.
Information provided by the EU
The EU is active in a wide range of area, from human rights to transport and trade.
Useful links providing information on these topics can be found at
UK in a Changing Europe
The UK in a Changing Europe initiative is funded by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), and based at King’s College London. The Initiative explores the key aspects of UK and EU dynamics. Their website provides a wealth of information exploring numerous issues which may affect how you decide to vote.
They have also produced a useful document, in conjunction with Full Fact the UK’s independent fact checking organisation, to provide impartial information on claims made by both the Remain and Leave campaigns on various topics
Full Fact is the UK’s independent, non-partisan, factchecking charity. It checks claims made by politicians, the media, pressure groups, and other voices in public debate, and pushes for corrections where necessary.
The British Institute of International and Comparative Law (BIICL) provides informed, independent and practical legal ideas for a global community.
Comments on Brexit
Seven Brexit Endgame Scenarios – A guide to the parliamentary process of withdrawal from the European Union (pdf)
Fake News, Misinformation, & Fact-Checking
Fake news and mis-information is used to sway public opinion and is based on information which may not be correct. News can also be “twisted” to support the argument being presented which can be more damaging – this is when the whole story has not been outlined with portions being omitted.
Ohio University provides the Guide to Misinformation and Fact-Checking to help prevent the spread of misinformation.
The best way to counter fake news is to conduct your own research. Through this guide, you’ll learn the basics about misinformation and fake news, how to evaluate sources of information, where to find reputable information, and where to look for fact-checking tools.