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Speech by Michel Barnier – 9 February 2018

The following statement was made by Michel Barnier after a round of negotiations held in Brussels from 6th to the 9th February 2018.

Brussels, 9 February 2018

Ladies and gentlemen,

I am happy to be here. I would like to thank you for being here rather than in front of your television watching the opening ceremony of the 23rd Winter Olympic Games, which has just started in Pyeongchang.

Allow me to extend my personal best wishes to both the Korean hosts and the athletes.

To come back to Brexit, we agreed with the UK side this week that the agenda would cover Ireland, the governance of the withdrawal agreement, and the transition.

We also foresaw an “update” by the UK on the future relationship. This update did not take place this morning because of agenda constraints on the UK side. That was the only meeting to have been cancelled.

Before the beginning of this round, I was very happy to meet David Davis on Monday in London, on his invitation, for a political discussion and also to meet Prime Minister Theresa May.

On the points I will now mention, this round was, for us, a “relaunch” round – the first since the Joint Report in December.

I think it is useful, however – for your work and your information – to give you an update today on the negotiations.

These meetings between us, and with David Davis whenever he wishes, will continue to take place regularly.

This negotiation is organised in rounds. This organisation is important to us – the EU side – because it gives us the time, before and after every round, to consult the 27 Member States and the European Parliament.

This is also how we ensure transparency – to which we have committed since the beginning, particularly when it comes to you.

And this method is also how we managed to reach an agreement with the British in December on the first important step of this negotiation.

I – On Ireland, we focused on solutions to avoid a hard border. Any solution must be precise, clear and unambiguous.

As you know, our Joint Report provides for three options:

  1. First, solving the issues on the island of Ireland through the future relationship. This future relationship would need to avoid a hard border, and protect North-South cooperation and the Good Friday Agreement. Once again, ladies and gentlemen, it is important to tell the truth. A UK decision to leave the Single Market and the Customs Union would make border checks unavoidable.
  2. Second, the UK has committed to proposing specific solutions to the unique circumstances on the island of Ireland. We are waiting for such solutions.
  3. The third option is to maintain full regulatory alignment with those rules of the Single Market and the Customs Union – current or future – which support North-South cooperation, the all-island economy and the Good Friday Agreement.

Options 1 and 2 can only be made operational in the context of the future relationship.

In the meantime, it is our responsibility to include the third option in the text of the Withdrawal Agreement to guarantee that there will be no hard border whatever the circumstances. This means that we must now start legally defining how this scenario would work in operational terms. There must be no ambiguity here. Based on the discussions this week, the UK has accepted the necessity of discussing how to make this full alignment scenario operational, provided we discuss the other two options in parallel. This is what we will work on in the coming rounds.

II – The Governance of the Withdrawal Agreement

This is one of the keys of our agreement: in order to be credible and durable, this withdrawal agreement should have effective implementation mechanisms. As far as we see it, these mechanisms should provide for a role for the European Court of Justice every time the agreement refers to European law. This remains a point of disagreement with the UK.

III – The transition period

This period consists of extending the acquis for a time-limited period, as was requested by the UK itself. The Heads of State or Government of the 27 replied positively to this request at the European Council of 15 December. We have a Council mandate since 29 January and we presented this to the UK this week.

In my meeting in London with David Davis on Monday – and in the negotiations in Brussels this week – the UK insisted on reaching a deal on the transition in March. But, at the same time, our interlocutors disagree with us in a number of areas, which – objectively – I consider as substantial.

In particular:

On citizens’ rights:

  • While the UK recognises that the free movement of people applies fully during the transition period, it does not want – at the end of this transition – to extend the rights, as agreed in the Joint Report, of those citizens who arrived before the withdrawal, to those citizens to arrive during the transition. This is a major point for us, and also for the European Parliament.
  • On the application of EU rules during the transition:

  • The UK has requested a right of opposition in the case where it disagrees with a new rule or law which could enter into force during this transition period.
  • On Justice and Home Affairs questions:

  • The UK wants to continue benefitting from new EU policies, the famous opt-ins, while at the same time it has decided to leave these policies at the end of the transition.
  • Frankly, I am surprised by these disagreements.

    The EU’s positions are, from my point of view, logical: By asking to benefit from the advantages of the Single Market, the Customs Union and common policies, the UK must accept all the rules and obligations until the end of the transition. It must also assume the inevitable consequences of its decision to leave the European Union, its institutions and its policies.

    Taking into account these disagreements, and to be frank, the transition period today is not a given.

    As I said, time is short, very short, and we do not have a minute to lose if we want to succeed. We want to succeed in this orderly withdrawal and also begin possible discussions on the future relationship as soon as possible.

    This is precisely why the Commission proposed a legal text on the transition to the Member States this week.
    Once agreed by the 27, this text will form part of our overall draft withdrawal agreement text, which we will then send to the UK. The European Parliament, I repeat, must also give its consent to this draft.

    In this draft legal text, published this week by the European Commission – in full transparency – we set out a provision which will allow existing EU implementation mechanisms to be reinforced during the transition period.

    Why is this provision – which was commented on a lot – necessary for us? This is simply because in the case of a violation of European rules during the transition, our usual infringement procedures, which are applicable to all Member States today, risk taking too much time and will therefore not be operational to resolve any possible dispute between the UK and the EU during this very short period. That is the only reason.

    It is absolutely normal that, in an international agreement, effective implementation and conflict resolution mechanisms are foreseen. This is the case, for example, with our agreements with Switzerland. To be entirely objective, I want to also recall that the UK has traditionally been among those countries with relatively few infringement procedures.

    Throughout this negotiation, you will not find in our attitude or in my attitude – on this subject, or on others – the least trace of discourtesy or willingness to punish. My mind set has been completely the opposite since the beginning of this negotiation and it will continue being so until the last day of the negotiation. We need to simply build a legally solid withdrawal agreement, which leaves no uncertainty for anybody.

    Ladies and gentlemen,

    Once again, we need to advance in this negotiation methodically and in a structured way, through consultation and transparency, which allows us to organise the rounds. This consultation and transparency is first for the 27 Member States, in whose name I negotiate, for the European Parliament, with which we work closely, the national parliaments, which I regularly meet, for citizens, for economic and social actors, and for you.

    My deputy, Sabine Weyand, will discuss this afternoon with the UK negotiators the dates and the precise agenda of the coming negotiations.

    Transitional Arrangements in the Withdrawal Agreement

    Another position paper issued by the EU on Transitional Arrangements in the Withdrawal Agreement to the EU27. This paper translates into legal terms the principles laid down in the European Council Guidelines of 29 April and 15 December 2017 and in the supplementary negotiating directives annexed the Council Decision of 29 January 2018.

    This has been created for approval by the EU27 before it’s presented to the UK. It remans unclear whether this document is to be used as the basis for discussion with the UK or whether, as shown on past experience, it will be presented as a fait accompli

    On this basis, this paper outlines in legal terms how such arrangements should be given effect in the Withdrawal Agreement.

    Position paper “Transitional Arrangements in the Withdrawal Agreement”

    The topics mentioned include:

    • There shall be a transition period, which shall start on the date of entry into force of this Agreement and end on 31 December 2020.
    • Unless otherwise provided in this Part, Union law shall be binding upon and applicable in the United Kingdom during the transition period
    • The United Kingdom shall not participate in any enhanced cooperation
    • During the transition period, the United Kingdom may not become bound by international agreements entered into in its own capacity in the areas of exclusive competence of the Union, unless authorised to do so by the Union
    • During the transition period, the institutions, bodies, offices and agencies of the Union shall have the powers conferred upon them by Union law also in relation to the United Kingdom and natural and legal persons residing or established in the United Kingdom. In particular, the Court of Justice of the European Union shall have jurisdiction as provided for in the Treaties.
    • etc.

    Full details are available in the full document at

    https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/transition.pdf (pdf)

    It is not clear whether the UK can accept not being allowed to sign any International Trade Agreements during this period.

    Also, it is worth noting a footnote to the paragraph relating to the role of the European Court of Justice which states:

    In addition, the Governance and Dispute Settlement Part of the Withdrawal Agreement should provide for a mechanism allowing the Union to suspend certain benefits deriving for the United Kingdom from participation in the internal market where it considers that referring the matter to the Court of Justice of the European Union would not bring in appropriate time the necessary remedies.

    which effectively allows the EU to become Judge, Jury and executioner to matters which they themselves decide break terms of the Withdrawal Agreement.

    Statement by Michel Barnier 5 Feb 2018

    Statement by Michel Barnier following his working lunch in London with David Davis on February 5 2018.

    Good afternoon to all of you. First of all, I want to thank you, David, for your hospitality. I was very pleased to also meet today the Prime Minister, Theresa May. In a very short time, from now until October, we must advance on three fronts.

    First, translating our Joint Report into legal text.

    Second, the transition period, which you just mentioned, David. Let me recall that the UK government has decided the date of the UK withdrawal: 29th March 2019. This was the UK’s sovereign decision. Mrs May has asked to benefit from the Single Market and the Customs Union for a short period after this. The European Council has indicated its readiness to consider this request. The conditions are clear: everyone has to play by the same rules during this transition. Let me add one point about this transition: the certainty about the transition will only come with the ratification of the withdrawal agreement.

    Number three: our future partnership between the UK and the EU. On that point we need also clarity about the UK’s proposals for the future partnership. The only thing I can say now is that without a customs union- and being outside the Single Market – barriers to trade and goods and services are unavoidable. The time has come to make a choice. Thank you.

    Press statement by Michel Barnier 29 January 2018

    Press statement by Michel Barnier following the General Affairs Council (Article 50) on the adoption of negotiating directives on transitional arrangements.

    (Frenglish provided courtesy of Google Translate)

    Merci, chère Ekaterina Zaharieva, pour le très bon début de la Présidence bulgare. Je me permettrais aussi de dire un mot de remerciement pour toute l’équipe de la Présidence estonienne qui vient de se terminer.

    Thank you, dear Ekaterina Zaharieva, for the very good start of the Bulgarian Presidency. I would also like to say a word of thanks to all the team of the Estonian Presidency that has just ended.

    Je suis heureux de vous retrouver après cette réunion du Conseil, qui doit nous permettre de débuter la deuxième phase de cette négociation complexe et extraordinaire.

    I am pleased to meet you after this Council meeting, which will allow us to begin the second phase of this complex and extraordinary negotiation.

    Le 15 décembre dernier, sur la base du rapport conjoint, que le Président Juncker, la Première ministre Theresa May, David Davis et moi-même avons acté, le Conseil européen avait jugé le niveau de progrès suffisant dans la négociation. Et il avait invité la Commission à présenter une recommandation pour une période de transition limitée dans le temps et couvrant tout l’acquis.

    On 15 December, on the basis of the joint report, which President Juncker, Prime Minister Theresa May, David Davis and I have taken, the European Council found the level of progress sufficient in the negotiations. And he had invited the Commission to make a recommendation for a transitional period of time and covering the whole acquis.

    Un mois après cette recommandation, le Conseil a adopté très rapidement aujourd’hui des directives claires de négociation. J’y vois un nouveau signe de cette unité forte, sincère des 27 dans cette négociation. Et cette unité vaut pour les trois institutions, le Conseil, le Parlement européen et la Commission.

    One month after this recommendation, the Council has adopted very clear negotiating directives very quickly today. I see a new sign of this strong, sincere unity of the 27 in this negotiation. And this unity applies to the three institutions, the Council, the European Parliament and the Commission.

    Et je voudrais remercier Ekaterina Zaharieva et la Présidence bulgare d’avoir apporté leur première pierre à cette unité au début de cette année 2018.

    And I would like to thank Ekaterina Zaharieva and the Bulgarian Presidency for bringing their first stone to this unit early this year 2018.

    Ladies and gentlemen,

    Allow me to say a few words on these new negotiation directives:

    The EU position is very clear: the transition will last for 21 months, until 31 December 2020.

    During this limited period of time, the whole EU acquis will continue to apply to the UK. As well as the full EU supervision and enforcement framework, under the jurisdiction of the European Court of Justice.

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